Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale introduced firearms legislation that prioritizes public safety and effective police work, while treating law-abiding firearms owners in a fair and reasonable manner.
While Canada is one of the safest countries in the world, increased gun crime has caused too much violence and taken too many lives in our communities.
With this legislation, and our other measures, we are taking concrete steps to make our country less vulnerable to the scourge of gun violence, while treating law-abiding firearms owners in a fair and reasonable manner. The legislation does not re-create a federal long gun registry.
The new legislation proposes to:
- Enhance background checks on those seeking to acquire firearms – looking at the full life history of a person, including any history of mental illness associated with violence, not just over the last five years.
- Require that whenever a non-restricted firearm is transferred, the buyer must actually produce his/her licence, and the vendor must verify that it is valid.
- Ensure the impartial, professional, accurate and consistent classification of firearms by restoring a system in which Parliament defines the classes and then experts in the RCMP make the technical determination about the class into which a particular firearm falls into, without political influence.
- Except between a residence and an approved shooting range, require specific transportation authorizations to be obtained whenever restricted and prohibited guns (mostly handguns and assault weapons) are moved through the community.
- Standardize record-keeping of sales by firearms retailers, already a common “best-practice” in the industry. This information would be accessible to police officers (not governments) on reasonable grounds and with judicial authorization.
In addition, our government has also created a more balanced and representative Canadian Firearms Advisory Committee; withdrawn from manufacturers/importers the authority to determine in certain circumstances their own firearms classification and provided an additional $327.6 million over five years, and $100 million annually thereafter, to support initiatives to combat illegal gangs and gun crime.